Travel Guide of the Luoyang Longmen Grottoes. The Longmen Grottoes at Luoyang City of China, together with the Dunhuang Grottoes in Gangsu Province and the Yungang Grottoes at Datong in Shanxi Province, are known as the three major treasure-houses of Buddhist grotto art in ancient China. Starting with the Northern Wei Dynasty in 493 AD, patrons and donors included emperors, Wu Zetian of the Second Zhou Dynasty, members of the royal family, other rich families, generals, and religious groups. In 2000 the Longmen Grottoes was inscribed upon the UNESCO World Heritage List as an outstanding manifestation of human artistic creativity,” for its perfection of an art form, and for its encapsulation of the cultural sophistication of Tang China.
- Travel Guide of the Luoyang Longmen Grottoes